Spiral Bevel Gear is a bevel gear with helical teeth. The main application of this is in a vehicle differential, where the direction of drive from the drive shaft must be turned 90 degrees to drive the wheels. The helical design produces less vibration and noise than conventional straight-cut or spur-cut gear with straight teeth.
A spiral bevel gear set should always be replaced in pairs i.e. both the left hand and right hand gears should be replaced together since the gears are manufactured and lapped in pairs.
This type of gear is beginning to supersede straight bevel gears in many applications. They have the advantage of ensuring evenly distributed tooth loads and carry more load without surface fatigue. Thrust loading depends on the direction of rotation and whether the spiral angle of the teeth is positive or negative